This is an extract of the ROBO Global paper 2020 Trends in robotics and AI innovation.
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Companies around the globe are revising and rethinking their strategies to cement their futures in a world that is dictated by robotics, automation, and AI (RAAI). Deep learning, 5G, and computer vision are among the trends to watch in 2020 and beyond.
1. Computer vision
Computer vision is the technology that gives computers and machines the sense of sight and the ability to analyse and understand the content of digital images. It is increasingly used throughout the manufacturing process to enhance product quality, reduce waste, and improve productivity in a variety of endmarkets, including consumer electronics, automotive, pharmaceuticals, and many more.
3D vision, a type of computer vision which has long been prohibitively expensive and complex, is set to accelerate with the help of Isra Vision in manufacturing, Koh Young in semiconductor and electronics inspection, and FARO and Hexagon in metrology and surveying.
Computer vision is also enabling collaborative robotics and advanced driver assistance. Ambarella, the video processing technology provider, is rapidly morphing into an AI computer vision company. The company has received design wins for its CV chip in the professional security camera market and is engaged in several use cases in the automotive market.
2. Deep learning
A subfield of machine learning, deep learning uses algorithms that strive to mimic the deep neural networks of the human brain. Reinforcement learning (RL), an aspect of deep learning, refers to goal-oriented algorithms that are the key to enabling autonomous robots, improving personalization, and accelerating drug discovery.
RL will be used to dramatically improve the personalization of news and other content—a shift that will transform the massive data sets available to the advertising industry into practical, usable information— and to revolutionize myriad processes that can be simulated, including fraud detection and credit loan processes in the banking industry.
The fifth generation of mobile wireless communications—5G—boasts features that have the potential to supercharge everything from business processes to how we engage with the Internet. Once it is fully deployed, 5G is expected to deliver up to 100x faster connection times than 4G and is expected to enable download speeds of 500-1500 Mbps in a matter of seconds. Major carriers are expected to roll out some type of 5G services in late 2020 and into 2021. Consumers will soon be able to choose 5G-compatible mobile devices from leaders like Apple, Samsung and Xiaomi, powered by Qualcomm’s latest 5G Mobile Platform Snapdragon. This best-in-class RF System provides peak speeds that promise to surpass most wired connections and transform the mobile experience.
The Internet of Things (IoT) currently includes about 30 billion devices. The power of 5G will be more crucial than ever as this figure accelerates thanks to investments in autonomous vehicles, smart cities, smart factories, big data, and AI.
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